Thich Quang Do, a dissident Buddhist monk who has efficiently been below home arrest considering that 2003 and was nominated a number of times for the Nobel Peace Prize, has died aged 93.
Head of the banned Unified Buddist Church of Vietnam, the vocal patriarch was born on November 27, 1928 in northern Thai Binh province and invested most of his life advocating for religious independence and human legal rights in communist-operate Vietnam.
His staunch activism landed him below what was correctly house arrest in Ho Chi Minh City in 2003, exactly where he was beneath frequent surveillance.
Do died on Saturday night at Tu Hieu pagoda, UBCV declared on Sunday morning.
According to his will signed on April 2019, Do requested a “simple funeral, not far more than 3 days”.
“After the cremation, my ashes will be scattered at sea,” said the statement quoting his will.
The UBCV also asked for for followers not to deliver cash, as is customary for Vietnamese funerals.
“There will be no ultimate phrases, no biographies, no psychological showings… just praying.”
Do has extensive been a thorn on the side for communist-run Vietnam, and he has been nominated many moments for the Nobel Peace Prize for his vocal advocacy for democracy.
The formative occasion of his life arrived in 1945, the 12 months Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam’s independence from France, when a teenaged Do witnessed the execution of his religious learn by a communist people today court.
“Then and there I vowed to do all that I could to combat fanaticism and intolerance and dedicate my lifetime to the pursuit of justice by way of the Buddhist teachings of non-violence,” Do wrote, in accordance to a biography issued by the UBCV’s Paris office environment.
Some 30 several years of his lifetime was expended in and out of jail or under property arrest, as the routine accused him for “counter-groundbreaking activities” and for refusing to deliver his church under state regulate.
The UBVC has been banned since the early 1980s when it refused to be part of the state-sanctioned Vietnam Buddhist Church.
In 2001, he wrote an “Appeal for Democracy”, which saw the aid of additional than 300,000 Vietnamese from distinct spiritual backgrounds, in accordance to the US Fee on International Religious Freedoms (USCIRF).
Do also termed on northern and southern dissidents to fall their cultural dissimilarities and unite in 2005.
He been given Norway’s Rafto human rights award the following calendar year for “his particular courage and perseverance via 3 a long time of tranquil opposition towards the communist routine in Vietnam”.
Vietnam has long had an uneasy relationship with organised religion.
The USCIRF advisable to the Point out Office that Vietnam be specified as a “country of distinct concern”, citing “systematic, ongoing, egregious violations of spiritual freedom”.
The Point out Department has not assigned the designation.