Ahead of the introduction of the Arabs and Europeans to Nigeria, the sophistication of the Nigerian Kingdom was pretty visible in their peculiar architecture. In a multicultural modern society like Nigeria, most of the kingdoms had a attractive and distinctive architecture that reflected the climate, lifestyle, and beliefs of the people today.
The ingenuity of these buildings stays a marvel. Most of the properties are typically produced of mud and thatched roofs, which displays a mindful believed in this fashion of building, the option of supplies is commonly available and suits our tropical weather.
Some of the well known and recognizable architecture are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba – the three preferred tribes.
The Hausa Architecture
A Common Hausa architecture is in sort of a housing unit significant plenty of to residence the gentleman his wives and the youngsters, this housing framework types part of an comprehensive walled city with a gate built into a tall of storey constructing. The standard Hausa architecture can be categorised into 3: calligraphy, area style and design and ornamental. Some of these kinds of designs are continue to frequent and mostly located in the Emir palaces in several northern towns.
With the advent of Islam, there was a slight addition to the architectural designs of these places. An azure (a male section of the property) for illustration was afterwards released to generate seclusion of ladies and retain the ladies out from exterior call with male readers. Most Hausa architecture was built of easy products such as mud, stones, grasses, corn stalks and straws for thatch roofing. The muds are created into tubali-solar-dried bricks, a combine of straw and mud is made use of to make concrete wall plastering. The entrance into the compounds is ordinarily indoor arcs.
A normal Hausa architecture has various sections of a family members compound: just about every possessing separate functions:
A Zanko-which is a protrusion from the rood parapet The dakis (rooms) are designed dependent on the selection of wives the person of the home(mai gida) has Darki Girki-the Kitchen area Rumfa-a shade, Shago-generally a spot for a matured unmarried male, and Rijiya-a nicely at the centre of the residence.
The Igbo Architecture
The Europeans had the most problem in breaking into the Igbo culture, the absence of a central ruling process manufactured that feasible, the Europeans had to encourage many Heads of clans to little by little get into their society as there was no single process of 1 King. This ruling method is depicted in the Igbo pre-colonial architecture. To the Igbo, household implies additional than just a creating or a shelter, a compound making, or a location to return to following a day’s farming or work.
The traditional Igbo residence construction was pre-dominantly round-wall mud residences (ulo aja oto) with thatched roofs (aju or atani). The roofing–a pitched roofing, was the commonest design uncovered across the pre-colonial Igbo communities.
To develop these kinds of, the skeletal framework of the roof is initial weaved employing bamboo poles or sliced bamboo poles. The bamboo is put in slopes and then crossed with Palm fronds. To give a formidable roofing structure that can avert incidence these as wind, at numerous factors rafters are knotted or tied The last system is thatching, the skeletal composition is coated with grasses and fronds (raffia mat). Most of these properties had no concrete beams thanks to the resources accessible at that time, most used woods and bamboos as a assist program or beams.
The loved ones device a very important device in Igbo type of federal government, the architecture of a loved ones compound is uncomplicated and headed by an Okpara. An Okpara is generally a titled elder. Most Igbo architecture was developed-in for tight encasement which arrived from their forefather or ancestors who ended up cave dwellers, the cave furnished shelter, heat and house. The relatives compound which consisted of a single entrance and exit protected with raffia mats has Ute/Azani–thatching which is done with grasses and fronds , assembly dwelling (Obi), shrines (Okwu-Alusi) and numerous rooms (ime ulo) that can accommodate the polygamous household system practised then.
The most vital aspect of the household was the obi, or meeting household. In Chinua Achebe’s Points Drop Aside, the protagonist Okonkwo had an Obi where by he meets his fellow kinsmen. The Obi was the symbolic centre of the compound, wherever the head of the spouse and children stored his altars and exactly where he entertained his visitors. The other rooms ended up shared among the wives and small children. Like in the Hausa model of building, the men’s segment is also divided from the girls, and the youngsters area is grouped. The adult males stop by the females room in turns when it is time for copulation.
They experienced a big courtyard with a housing fashion usually named the ‘Orowa.’ These residences were being normally a steady developing generating up of prolonged people. The substantial courtyards ended up the most essential features in the conventional Yoruba house location. The building of properties was generally communal hard work utilizing readily readily available materials this sort of as thick mud partitions, bamboo rafters or other termite-resistant timber sheets as an alternative of thatch, and a sand plaster to mud walls. The properties prolong into big spouse and children compounds with various rooms and a group of Courtyard. These
are known as agbo’le and are typically named by the title of the very first head of the spouse and children. For illustration, Agbo’le Adebayo. Every domestic member is very careful in what they do so as not to tarnish the name of the loved ones compound. T
he rooms experienced conventional models of measurement mainly 10 ft (ese bata mewa). In the courtyard, functions these as cooking, livestock rearing and a retailer to household the farm implements are a common sight.